"[15] In a 2009 American press release related to legislation aimed at removing the term from official documents of the State of New York, Governor David Paterson said: "The word 'oriental' does not describe ethnic origin, background or even race; in fact, it has deep and demeaning historical roots". 2.3K views Any area below the City of Rome was considered the Orient, as well as the ethnicities inhabiting the land, such as Dalmatian Italians, (modern Neapolitans along with Sicilians, Libyans, Moroccans, Greeks, etc. Eastern Asia. These shifts in time and identification sometimes confuse the scope (historical and geographic) of Oriental Studies. The use of the word for "rising" to refer to the east (where the sun rises) has analogs from many languages: compare the terms "Levant" (< French levant "rising"), "Vostok" Russian: Восток (< Russian voskhod Russian: восход "sunrise"), "Anatolia" (< Greek anatole), "mizrahi" in Hebrew ("zriha" meaning sunrise), "sharq" Arabic: شرق‎ (< Arabic yashriq يشرق "rise", shurūq Arabic: شروق‎ "rising"), "shygys" Kazakh: шығыс (< Kazakh shygu Kazakh: шығу "come out"), Turkish: doğu (< Turkish doğmak to be born; to rise), "xavar" Persian: خاور‎ (meaning east), Chinese: 東 (pinyin: dōng, a pictograph of the sun rising behind a tree[5]) and "The Land of the Rising Sun" to refer to Japan. The opposite term "Occident" derives from the Latin word occidens, meaning west (lit.

This boundary crosses through the territory of Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey, so these states are in both continents. defined as a subregion of Asia. 4238 replacing the word with Asian American in federal law.[17][18]. One of the most The populations of the Asian nations vary, but seven out of the 10 most populous countries of the world, including China, are in Asia.

The Orient is a term for the East, traditionally comprising anything that belongs to the Eastern world, in relation to Europe.

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These countries form the south-central area of Asia, while Russia lies farther north. 3. The term Asiaten (English: Asians) means Asian people in general. A region where human civilization The term Oriental can be considered a pejorative and disparaging term when used to describe a person. It is the antonym of Occident, the Western World. Although classified as Asian nations, these countries vary widely in terms of politics, geography and demographics. Asia connects to Africa via the Isthmus of Suez. 2. The Orient simply means the East in Latin.

[13] short span of time.

Although classified as Asian nations, these countries vary widely in terms of politics, geography and demographics. "Asian" in Great Britain generally refers to people who come from South Asia (in particular Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives), since British Asians make up approximately 6.9% of the population within the United Kingdom. In English, it is largely a metonym for, and coterminous with, the continent of Asia, loosely classified into the Near East, Middle East and Far East: the geographical and ethno-cultural regions now known as West Asia, South Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia.

setting < occido fall/set). As of 2020, Asia consists of 48 countries, of which two (Turkey and Russia) … This excludes Jews, Indians, Arabs, and most other South or West Asian peoples. flourished from ancient periods, the countries of the region are also called Later in the 4th century, the Praetorian prefecture of the Orient (Latin: Praefectura Praetorio Orientis) was also formed, including most of the Eastern Roman Empire, from the Thrace eastwards; its easternmost part was the original Diocese of the Orient, corresponding roughly to the region of Syria. In 1978, Palestinian-American scholar Edward Said published his influential and controversial book, Orientalism; he used the term to describe a pervasive Western tradition, both academic and artistic, of prejudiced outsider interpretations of the Arab and Muslim worlds, shaped by the attitudes of European imperialism in the 18th and 19th centuries.[11].

The adjectival term Oriental has been used by the West to mean cultures, peoples, countries, Asian rugs, and goods from the Orient.

Travelers may again take the Orient Express train from Paris to its terminus in the European part of Istanbul, a route established in the early 20th century. It covers about 15% of the Asian continent. In Australian English, the term Asian generally refers to people of East Asian or Southeast Asian descent, such as those of Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, Thai, or Filipino background. The countries of Oriental Countries are the first choice of majority of tourists coming to the largest continent of the world. The term oriental is often used to describe objects from the Orient. [16], In 2016, President Obama signed New York Congresswoman Grace Meng's legislation H.R. Asia is a much larger continent which includes places like India, Pakistan, Cambodia, Tibet, Nepal and most of … The countries of Oriental Countries are the first choice of majority of Yet there remain contexts where "the Orient" and "Oriental" have kept their older meanings (e.g., "Oriental spices" typically are from the regions extending from the Middle East to sub-continental India to Indo-China). Copyright ©, www.tsitours.com. [6], The famous English writer Rudyard Kipling, especially popular in Russia for his The Ballad of East and West poem, had been applying the term to the Russian people. Indonesia. Another word for Orient in German is Morgenland (now mainly poetic), which literally translates as "morning land". Its fauna are numerous and highly diverse. The Orient includes countries and regions like Japan, China, Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Armenia and Cyprus geographically are in Asia, but politically and culturally they also are considered as a part of Europe. All Rights Reserved. In ancient times gone past, the Orient included not only the Far East but also the Near East/Middle East. The largest of the Asian countries by area is Russia, which occupies about 30% of the total territory of the continent. "APAs in the News/News Bytes: Legislation to Remove 'Oriental' From Federal Law Passes Senate, "oriental - Definition of oriental in English by Oxford Dictionaries", "How the West still continues to misunderstand Putin's Russia and Putinism", "Неистовый пес империализма: Редьярд Киплинг, враг России", "2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in the United Kingdom", "2011 Census: KS201UK Ethnic group, local authorities in the United Kingdom, Accessed 19 April 2014", orient: definition of orient in Oxford dictionary (British & World English), "Obama signs measure striking 'oriental' and 'negro' from federal law", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orient&oldid=983802975, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 09:51. List of Asian countries by GDP. This is an alphabetically sorted list of Asian countries, with … It is a traditional designation (especially when capitalized) for anything belonging to the Orient or "East" (for Asia), and especially of its Eastern culture. tourists coming to the largest continent of the world.

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