There was no stipulation dictating whether the route of the canal would be direct or indirect (from the Nile). Personnel Regulations. Der Verwaltungsrat (Board of Directors) besteht aus 13 Personen unter der Leitung des Chairman & Managing Directors. The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway in Egypt extending from Port Said to Suez and connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. The Canal widens at that point to include Lake Timsah, one of the Bitter Lakes linked by the Canal. In deutscher Terminologie würde man sie als Anstalt des (ägyptischen) öffentlichen Rechts bezeichnen. In summary, the total construction cost of the canal, according to Lesseps' autobiographical account, was 11,627,000 pounds. Company town establishments arose along the route. Mougel was chief engineer for the Suez Canal Company from 1859 to 1861, where he worked with superintendent Alphonse Hardon to plan the mobilization infrastructure to build the Suez Canal: the freshwater access canals, freshwater distilleries, and early hand-digging operations. It lies in a basin developed along a fault extending from the Mediterranean Sea to the Gulf of Suez through the Bitter Lakes region. This page summarizes all the information that I have on these issues; it has been extracted from the following sources: "The Robson Lowe Encyclopaedia of British Empire Stamps" (1949 ed.) Prior to that, hand digging was used to remove soil in the remaining 10 miles between Suez and the southern dam. Navigation Circulars. Known in Egypt as "The City of Beauty and Enchantment", Ismailia is situated on the west bank of the Suez Canal, it is the capital of the Ismailia Governorate. This service allows subscribers to inquire about water bills and report meter reading online. They created two jetty structures, one at 1.5 miles in length, and the other at 2 miles in length, by dumping 20-ton concrete blocks in the Mediterranean Sea. The operations office would be headquartered in Alexandria, while administrative offices would be located in Paris. August 2012 ist dies Admiral Mohab Mameesh.[3]. [29] King Farouk of the Muhammad Ali line was overthrown in a military coup in 1952 and Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser eventually emerged as the leader of Egypt. Again, mining and land rights were included along with generous tax exemptions. In October 1858, Lesseps notified international press and company agents that 400,000 shares at a price of 500 francs each would be publicly offered beginning 5 November 1858. The British began to loudly decry the use of corvée labor in 1862. After curing for two months in wooden frames, they were lifted on to barges that dropped them into the sea. Immediately following the end of the second World War, company profits rose greatly due to petroleum shipments and the company reserved much of this income. The varying soil type necessitated more than a dozen different types of excavation machinery. By 1867 and 1868 the total population in the canal region would grow to 26,000 and 34,000, respectively. This resulted in the Suez Crisis. Die Suez Canal Authority (SCA; arabisch هيئة قناة السويس, DMG Haiʾat Qanāt Al-Suwais) ist Eigentümer, Verwalter und Betreiber des Sueskanals. On 19 November, the flotilla proceeded south to Suez. Ismail's motives had to do with his own personal projects (cotton farms, whose export from Egypt had been increasing since the beginning of the American Civil War, and other cash crops and public works) within Egypt and with limiting the company's power. [13], During this same period, the jetties for Port Said were also constructed by the Dussaud brothers. And most of that work was done between 1867 and 1869. Railroad tracks were laid along the canal route to accommodate some of the machines, whereas others were mounted on barges. [12] Another French contractor, Alphonse Couvreux, who is credited with the first documented use of a bucket chain excavator on land, employed seven of his excavators to dig about 8 million cubic yards of material from 1863 to 1868. This company was called the Universal Company of the Maritime Canal of Suez. At the end of 1862, the access canal connecting Lake Timsah to the Mediterranean Sea was complete. The Highest Ever Registered Daily Tonnage in 150 Years. ​SCA adopted a flexible marketing policies so as to encourage vessels to use the Suez Canal route, such as: ​The acceptable foreign currencies for dues payment are: ​Tolls Table is the basis for calculating Suez Canal normal tolls for all types of vessels transiting the canal ,the table is divided : To receive SCA News, please provide your E-mail address Its history can be broken into three periods: The International Commission for the piercing of the isthmus of Suez was the commission consisting of various European experts convened in 1855 by Ferdinand de Lesseps as instructed by the viceroy of Egypt Muhammad Sa'id in order to ascertain the feasibility of a canal between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea and to evaluate the best alternative for such a canal. Isma'il Pasha, known as Ismail the Magnificent, was the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan from 1863 to 1879, when he was removed at the behest of Great Britain. [26], The 1888 Convention of Constantinople declared the canal a neutral zone under British protection. [22], In 1873, Ismail borrowed 30 million pounds (more than double the cost of the canal) to continue building other infrastructure in Egypt. The blocks were produced in an assembly line with mechanical elevators to pour in cement, lime, and water. Paul Borel and Lavalley were contractors of the Suez Canal Company who designed, built, and operated the dredging machines that finished excavation of the Suez Canal from 1864-1869 after the use of forced labor was disallowed. Ismail issued declarations upholding much of the previous concessions, with exceptions including the labor issue. Gemäß dem Nationalisierungsgesetz ist sie zwar selbständig, dabei jedoch an die Konvention von Konstantinopel vom 29. [11], After Napoleon III's decree in Summer of 1864, the use of corvée labor was restricted. In 1967, another war with Israel arose and the canal was made impassable with scuttled ships. The report noted that in the previous two decades, Europeans had spent 12 billion francs building railroads, and that at a cost of 200 million francs (or 8 million pounds), the canal was affordable. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. Container ship Edith Maersk crosses the Suez Canal at East Port Said Port, 120 km (75 miles) northeast of Cairo, October 5, 2012. He was listed by Ferdinand de Lesseps as a founder of the Suez Canal Company. Mostafa el-Nahhas Pasha or Mostafa Nahas was an Egyptian political figure. Mohamed Sa'id Pasha was the Wāli of Egypt and Sudan from 1854 until 1863, officially owing fealty to the Ottoman Sultan but in practice exercising virtual independence. In late Spring of 1858, the French Academy of Sciences released a public report approving of the engineering plans for the canal. 2015 nahm sie rund 5,175 Milliarden US-Dollar für die Passage von insgesamt 17.483 Schiffen ein. As the diversity and number of settlers in the canal region rose, Ismail directed Nubar to begin his decade-long journey of revising the judicial system from a system of capitulations to a system of mixed tribunals. The average final width of the canal was 200 feet - 300 feet at the top with a depth of at least 26 feet. In January 1856, Said granted a second concession to Lesseps' company which replaced the first concession. In the meantime from 1859 to 1861, the company's Chief Engineer Eugène Mougel and its new superintendent Alphonse Hardon, planned for and built fresh water distilleries along the route, hauled in additional fresh water from the Nile, built housing for workers, gathered stone for the jetty, assembled some aging dredging equipment from the Nile, and looked for workers. [ citation needed ], In Lesseps' original concession (1854), founders of the company were to receive 10 percent of the canal's profits. Together they form a metropolitan area. SCA is glad to provide the following e-services: This service allows navigation agents to apply and follow up the request for vessels transit online. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. He was a graduate of the École Polytechnique, an engineer for the Corps of Bridges, Waters and Forests, and was, from 1861 to 1870, the Chief Engineer for the Suez Canal Company in its construction of the Suez Canal. Nachrichten zur SUEZ CANAL COMPANY FOR TECHNOLOGY SETTLING Aktie - Aktuelle TOP-Meldungen - Die wichtigsten SUEZ CANAL COMPANY FOR TECHNOLOGY SETTLING News im Überblick - … Oktober 2013): Anstalt des (ägyptischen) öffentlichen Rechts, Konvention von Konstantinopel vom 29. Ismail authorised Boghos Nubar Nubarian to negotiate on behalf of Egypt, and Nubar in turn allied with Emile Ollivier and Morny against Lesseps and the company. He built the Nile Barrage near Cairo, a project initially started by Louis Maurice Adolphe Linant de Bellefonds, and contributed as general supervisor to the initial phases of the Suez Canal works. Sie erlässt die Verkehrsvorschriften und legt die Gebührensätze für die Kanalbenutzung fest und erhebt diese Gebühren. [24], In 1876, Ismail again faced government debt payment issues and was forced to join an international commission which would govern Egypt's finances known as Dual Control.

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