[63], A courier mail link between the Soviet and British governments, sometimes transporting VIP passengers was also maintained. Late in WWII, Mosquitos undertook a wide range of courier duties, often overflying and sometimes landing in neutral countries such as Sweden. [12], Within Bomber Command, Pathfinder Operations were set up by (at the time) Acting Group Captain Donald Bennett, who was appointed Commander of Pathfinders (PFF) on 5 July 1942 [13] After completing its initial Oboe trials work, No. A number of Mosquito IVs were modified by Vickers-Armstrongs to carry Highball "bouncing bombs" and were allocated Vickers Type numbers: About 5,000 of the total of 7,781 Mosquitos built had major structural components fabricated from wood in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England. The ply-balsa-ply monocoque fuselage and one-piece wings with doped fabric covering would give excellent aerodynamic performance and low weight, combined with strength and stiffness. The NF Mk 30 was the final wartime variant and was a high-altitude version, powered by two 1,710 hp (1,280 kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin 76s. This version, equipped with 1,460 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin 21s or 23s was known as the FB.VI Series 1. devices. The OSS Joan-Eleanor project development began with the 25 BG Rcn at Watton in September 1944. An additional 13 TR.33 ex-Fleet Air Arm Mosquitos were purchased from a British scrap dealer in 1954 and delivered via Blackbushe Airport in early 1955. There are approximately 30 non-flying Mosquitos around the world with four airworthy examples, three in the United States and one in Canada. [118] In April 1943, in response to "political humiliation" caused by the Mosquito, Göring ordered the formation of special Luftwaffe units (Jagdgeschwader 25, commanded by Oberstleutnant Herbert Ihlefeld and Jagdgeschwader 50, under Major Hermann Graf) to combat the Mosquito attacks, though these units, which were "little more than glorified squadrons", were unsuccessful against the elusive RAF aircraft. Some 300 were built and another 37 converted to T.29 standard. Once again, when a Mosquito piloted by D.A.G ″George″ Parry was attacked by Messerschmitt Bf 109s, he was able to outrun them. These were reassembled at de Havilland Australia's Mascot factory. The Soviets also made a request to acquire a Mosquito, so B.IV (DK296) was tested, but reports noted that it demanded high flying skills and no further purchases were made. The German fighter made six passes at the Mosquito MM 273, crewed by F/L A.E. Bennett was quickly impressed with the performance of the Mosquito and test-flew it himself by day and night, defending its potential against skeptics in the Air Ministry who opposed its large-scale introduction in the role. Instead, high speed and good manoeuvrability would make evading fighters and ground fire easier. [152] The B Mk IV had a maximum speed of 380 mph (610 km/h), a cruising speed of 265 mph (426 km/h), ceiling of 34,000 ft (10,000 m), a range of 2,040 nmi (3,780 km), and a climb rate of 2,500 ft per minute (762 m).[136]. As a result of his report, five companies (Beech, Curtiss-Wright, Fairchild, Fleetwings, and Hughes) were asked to evaluate the de Havilland data. All were sunk with rockets. A move during the dive could jam the gun. [13] On 7 July 1938, de Havilland wrote to Air Marshal Wilfrid Freeman, the Air Council's member for Research and Development, discussing the specification and arguing that in war, shortages of aluminium and steel would occur, but supplies of wood-based products were "adequate. [156], The B Mk XVI was powered by the same variations as the B.IX. They found that the "... standard of glueing...left much to be desired. [15][16][nb 6]. David McCallum rules the skies over German occupied Europe with his band of Mosquito pilots. Lt. Maurice Briggs, DSO, DFC, DFM and navigator Fl. Toronto Air and Space Museum, "Community Memories – Mosquito Aircraft Production at Downsview". The main author of "Low Attack," John de L. Wooldridge, became Wing Commander of No. He was called up from RAFVR (London, 1938) at the onset of war, and sent to 10 FTS, then 13 OTU (RAF Bicester) as a trainee Blenheim Mk.IV pilot. Despite an initially high loss rate, the Mosquito bomber variants ended the war with the lowest losses of any aircraft in RAF Bomber Command service.[126]. [43], On 11 April 1944, after a request by Dutch resistance workers, six Mosquito FB VIs of No. 105 Squadron. In April 1938, performance estimates were produced for a twin Rolls-Royce Merlin-powered DH.91, with the Bristol Hercules (radial engine) and Napier Sabre (H-engine) as alternatives. The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engined, shoulder-winged multirole combat aircraft, introduced during the Second World War. Pathfinder Collection, RAF Wyton. 169 Squadron RAF and No. Additionally, some aircraft were used as H2X Mickey platforms. Subsequently, when low-level precision attacks required Mosquitos, they were allotted to squadrons operating the FB.IV version. [8] 4055 flew the first operational Mosquito flight on 17 September 1941. [116] Even the losses incurred in the squadrons' dangerous Blenheim era were exceeded in percentage terms. Tirpitz: Hunting the Beast. [47] Once again, they bombed at the exact planned time. This design was not produced in Britain, but formed the basic design of the Canadian-built B.VII. Mosquitos to locate and bomb a power station at Lutterade in Holland. Cole, Roger. [21], On 3 November 1940, the prototype aircraft, painted in "prototype yellow" and still coded E-0234, was dismantled, transported by road to Hatfield and placed in a small, blast-proof assembly building. Based on a total loaded weight of 19,000 lb (8,600 kg), it would have a top speed of 300 mph (480 km/h) and cruising speed of 268 mph (431 km/h) at 22,500 ft (6,900 m). The shell sandwich skins comprised birch three-ply outers, with cores of Ecuadorean balsa. Mosquito fighters from all units accounted for 487 German aircraft during the war, the vast majority of which were night fighters. [12], On 8 September 1936, the British Air Ministry issued Specification P.13/36, which called for a twin-engined, medium bomber capable of carrying a bomb load of 3,000 lb (1,400 kg) for 3,000 mi (4,800 km) with a maximum speed of 275 mph (445 km/h) at 15,000 ft (4,600 m); a maximum bomb load of 8,000 lb (3,600 kg) that could be carried over shorter ranges was also specified. Twenty Mosquitoes were involved, split into three attack waves. [41] The aircraft reached 220 mph (355 km/h), with the only problem being the undercarriage doors – which were operated by bungee cords attached to the main undercarriage legs – that remained open by some 12 inches (300 mm) at that speed. Sidney Horsfall, were lost in the Trondheim-Bergen area, becoming the first 1 PRU casualties. de Havilland Australia built 11 T Mk 43 trainers, similar to the Mk III. MB-24 survives on display in the aviation museum in Brussels. In terms of better propeller-driven night fighters, the Heinkel He 219 and Junkers Ju 388 simply did not enter large-scale production. A total of 1134 Mosquitoes were built at Downsview, just north of Toronto, from 1942 to 1945. The main attack on the Gestapo headquarters caused the death of 55 German soldiers and 47 Danes working for the Gestapo, together with destruction of the Gestapo records in the headquarters. [18] Prominent in this role were Roddis Plywood and Veneer Manufacturing in Marshfield. The two films do get confused, both being some time ago! ", Price, Nigel (ed.). On 30 January 1943, the 10th anniversary of the Nazis' seizure of power, a morning Mosquito attack knocked out the main Berlin broadcasting station while Hermann Göring was speaking, taking his speech off the air. RAF 85 Squadron Bowyer, Michael J.F., Bryan Philpott and Stuart Howe. They were flown by 10 Smaldeel of 1 Wing based at Beauvechain Air Base until they were replaced in the night fighter role by Gloster Meteor NF 11s. And on 16 January 1942 this unit had a further success when a round-trip flight to Murmansk located the hiding place in a Norwegian fjord of the Tirpitz. [149][150] 27 B Mk IVs were later converted for special operations with the Highball anti-shipping weapon, and were used by 618 Squadron, formed in April 1943 specifically to use this weapon. No. [136] A Mosquito B Mk IX holds the record for the most combat operations flown by an Allied bomber in the Second World War. The takeoff was reported as "straightforward and easy" and the undercarriage was not retracted until a considerable altitude was attained. Victoria, Australia: Publishing Solutions, 2008. [20] [nb 8], As Mosquito bomber production increased towards the end of 1943,[19] No. [84], The wing contained metal-framed and -skinned ailerons, but the flaps were made of wood and were hydraulically controlled. 2) engine and an alternator on the port engine, which also supplied AC power for radios. I know the 1968 film 'Mosquito Squadron' aircraft wore HT:- codes, did the earlier '633 squadron' film also do so? W4052 had the first version of the Youngman Frill airbrake fitted to the fighter prototype. Flame dampers prevented exhaust glow on night operations, but they had an effect on performance. Completing trials in August 1942, the squadron moved to. 248 Squadron, and was later sunk by a Liberator of No. [14][nb 5] A calibration sortie over enemy territory took place on 20/21 December, using six 109 Sqn. [23][nb 3] For more versatility, Bishop made provision for four 20 mm cannon in the forward half of the bomb bay, under the cockpit, firing via blast tubes and troughs under the fuselage. These aircraft were then featured in the film 633 Squadron. They have the geniuses and we have the nincompoops. [35] In promising Beaverbrook such a number by the end of 1941, de Havilland was taking a gamble, because they were unlikely to be built in such a limited time. [138], The Mosquito PR Mk XVI had a pressurised cockpit and, like the Mk IX, was powered by two Rolls-Royce Merlin 72/73 or 76/77 piston engines.

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