[9], The destruction wrought by Hurricane Katrina raised other, more general public policy issues about emergency management, environmental policy, poverty, and unemployment. The storm brought 3 to 5 in (76 to 127 mm) of precipitation to isolated areas of Maine and up to 9 in (230 mm) near Patten. [12] Aircrews from the Aviation Training Center, in Mobile, staged rescue aircraft from Texas to Florida. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Direct Relief furnished $10 million in medical material aid and cash grants to support clinics and health centers in the area. Hundreds of prisoners were later registered as "unaccounted for". Furthermore, according to storm surge researcher Hassan Mashriqui: Storm surge pushing across shallow Lake Borgne from the east is constrained by these MRGO levees to the south and, to the north, by the long-standing levees of the Intracoastal Waterway (GIWW). High waves caused beach erosion and closed nearby roadways. [57], According to the U.S. Dept. After briefly weakening to tropical storm strength over southern Florida, Katrina emerged into the Gulf of Mexico on August 26 and began to rapidly intensify. At the Convention Center, four bodies were recovered. The storm was the twelfth tropical cyclone, the fifth hurricane, and the third major hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, as well as the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane on record to make landfall in the contiguous United States. Since Hurricane Katrina, Amtrak's Sunset Limited service has never been restored past New Orleans. Suite 250 In Jackson County, storm surge flowed up the wide river estuary, with the combined surge and freshwater flooding cutting the county in half. [58], In addition, the combined effect of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita was the destruction of an estimated 562 square kilometres (217 sq mi) of coastal wetlands in Louisiana.[59]. [103] Delayed mortality as an effect of the storm continued with rates up to 5% until 2011. In the weeks after the storm, with the connectivity of the coastal U.S. Highway 90 shattered, traffic traveling parallel to the coast was reduced first to State Road 11 (parallel to I-10) then to two lanes on the remaining I-10 span when it was opened. Additionally, hundreds of homes and businesses suffered flood damage. [168] The Army Corps of Engineers built and maintained the canal. [44] A follow-up study by the Louisiana Department of Health & Hospitals determined that the storm was directly responsible for 1,170 fatalities in Louisiana. Most evacuees had stayed within 250 miles (400 km), but 240,000 households went to Houston and other cities over 250 miles (400 km) away and another 60,000 households went over 750 miles (1,200 km) away. The storm dropped heavy rainfall in portions of the Miami metropolitan area, with a peak total of 16.43 in (417 mm) in Perrine. [79] Gusty winds downed some trees and power lines, though damage was minimal. The name will never again be used for another North Atlantic hurricane. Many of the computer models had shifted the potential path of Katrina 150 miles (240 km) westward from the Florida Panhandle, putting the city of New Orleans directly in the center of their track probabilities; the chances of a direct hit were forecast at 17%, with strike probability rising to 29% by August 28. In the area around Slidell, the rainfall was even higher, and the highest rainfall recorded in the state was approximately 15 inches (380 mm).   Its storm surge crested at 27 feet. [174] The role of AM radio was also of importance to the hundreds of thousands of persons with no other ties to news, providing emergency information regarding access to assistance for hurricane victims. [184], Reconstruction of each section of the southern portion of Louisiana has been addressed in the Army Corps LACPR (Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration) Final Technical Report, which identifies areas to not be rebuilt and areas where buildings need to be elevated.[185]. In addition, the eastbound span of the I-10 bridge over the Pascagoula River estuary was damaged. are still dangerous, however, and require preventative measures. [108] Congressman Bill Jefferson told ABC News: "There was shooting going on. Katrina also caused a number of power outages in many areas, with over 100,000 customers affected in Tennessee, primarily in the Memphis and Nashville areas. The total damage from Katrina is estimated at $125 billion (2005 U.S. On August 27, the storm reached Category 3 intensity on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale, becoming the third major hurricane of the season. of Housing and Urban Development, in St. Bernard Parish, 81% (20,229) of the housing units were damaged. Israel sent an IDF delegation to New Orleans to transport aid equipment including 80 tons of food, disposable diapers, beds, blankets, generators and additional equipment which were donated from different governmental institutions, civilian institutions, and the IDF. [97] Unlike Hurricane Ivan, no offshore oil spills were officially reported after Hurricane Katrina. After passing over Florida, Katrina again … Persons in areas designated Phase II begin evacuating 40 hours before the onset of tropical storm winds and those in Phase III areas (including New Orleans) evacuate 30 hours before the start of such winds. [26] Officials in Miami-Dade County advised residents in mobile homes or with special needs to evacuate. According to Cuban television reports the coastal town of Surgidero de Batabanó was 90% underwater. [75]Katrina traveled up the entire state; as a result, all 82 counties in Mississippi were declared disaster areas for federal assistance, 47 for full assistance. "Rapid Population Estimate Project: January 28 – 29, 2006 Survey Report", Growth states: Arizona overtakes Nevada: Texas adds most people overall; Louisiana population declines nearly 5%, "44 oil spills found in southeast Louisiana", "Daupin Island — Pre- and Post-Storm 3D Topography", "Before and After Photo Comparisons: Chandeleur Islands", "USGS Reports Latest Land Change Estimates for Louisiana Coast", USGS National Wetlands Research Center, Oct 3, 2006, "U.S. Early the following day, the depress Limited commercial passenger service resumed at the airport on September 13 and regular carrier operations resumed in early October. The background checks found that 45% of the refugees had a criminal record of some nature, and that 22% had a violent criminal record. [75], After making a brief initial landfall in Louisiana, Katrina had made its final landfall near the state line, and the eyewall passed over the cities of Bay St. Louis and Waveland as a Category 3 hurricane with sustained winds of 120 mph (190 km/h).

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